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Photo Max Linder in 1912

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Max Linder at 28 years

 

 
1883

1883

Dec. 16th 1883

Max Linder is born as Gabriel Leuvielle in Saint-Loubès, near Bordeaux (France).

 

 

Max Linder at the age of two years

Max Linder at the age of two years [Source: Le Film, Oct. 15, 1919]

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1902

Attends the Conservatoire Muncipal de Bordeaux. One of his teachers is Adrien Caillard, who in 1904 joins the Théâtre de l'Ambigu and later also helps Linder to find a job at the same theatre.

 

1902

 

 

1903

 

 

 

1903

Max is drafted and dismissed as unfit. His military record registers for the first time the 'nickname' Max Linder.

Jul. 7th 1903

Graduates at the Conservatory in Bordeaux by winning first price in the category «Comedy» and second price in «Drama».

Engagement at the THEATRE DES ARTS in Bordeaux.  Plays include: «Le Barbier de Séville», «Les Précieuses ridicules», «Les Fourberies de Scapin».

 

 

 

Military record 1903

Gabriel Leuvielle, nickname Max Linder - Military serial number, recruitment office of Bordeaux, class 1903, no. 4284 - © Archives Départementales de la Gironde (Source: Le Grimh <grimh.org>)

1903

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1904

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In 1904 Linder moves from Bordeaux to Paris. He makes a contract with the THEATRE DE L'AMBIGU.

Autumn 1904

Under his real name «Leuvielle» he applies unsuccessfully for the Conservatoire National de Musique et de Déclamation in Paris, because "Mr. Leloir, one of his teachers wondered, what else he wanted to learn?" (Le Figaro, Feb. 27th, 1925)

Oct. 20th 1904

At the THEATRE DE L'AMBIGU the play Le Tour du Monde d'un enfant de Paris is shown for the first time. According to René Jeanne, he has to replace an actor one evening at such short notice, that he hardly had time to study the role of a captain.

Dec. 3rd 1904

Première of Le crime d'Aix. The name «Max Linder» appears on the bill for the first time, if only on the 15. rank of the male cast.

 

1904

 

 

1905

 

 

Theatre-plays 1905: La conquête de l'air ─  Les deux orphelines ─  Paillasse ─  La belle marseillaise ─  Les aventures de Thomas Plumepatte ─  La fleuriste des halles ─  La bande à Fifi ─  Le crime d'un fils ─  Le regiment ─  La grande famille

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Films released in 1905: Première sortie Rencontre imprévue

Apr. 15th 1905

The magazine LE THEATRE publishes a picture of Max in the role of «Caulaincourt» in La belle marseillaise for the first time.

May 26th 1905

Adrien Caillard and Max Linder win first and second place in a fencing bout at a meeting of the “Association des artistes dramatiques” at the Velodrome Buffalo. Out of nine contestants “the Ambigu Theatre has triumphed, be it by the great scenes of carnage that the melodrama gives its residents, or, to speak seriously, thanks to the lessons of teachers Laroque, of Bordeaux, and Berlier, of Paris, who made MM. Caillard (first) and Linder (second) fighters of a very pretty force, flexible, cautious, steadfast and especially elegant, which harms no one in their profession.” (Gil Blas, May 27th, 1905)

Jun. 15th 1905

In La fleuriste des Halles two dream sequences are being shown by projecting films (René Jeanne, Max Linder et le théâtre). It might have given Max the inspiration for the so-called «film-sketch», in which he later will appear in throughout Europe.

Aug. 5th 1905

His first film is being released. Its title Première Sortie, meaning “First night out”, could also be translated as «first release». Number or title of films, that he made in the first 1 ½ years, are largely unknown. While he initially recalled in an interview (Caras y Caretas, Apr. 12th, 1913) making "rare films", between his stage appearances, eight years later he remembered making "a drama or a comedy every day." (Cinémagazine, Nov. 25th, 1921)

Autumn 1905

Under the name «Max Linder» he unsuccessfully applies again for the Paris Conservatory.

 

 

 

Max Linder in La Belle Marsaillaise

 (Le Théâtre, Apr. 15, 1905)

 

Max Linder fencing

 (Culture physique, Jul. 1, 1908)

1905

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1906

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Article engagement at Réjane

A 3-year contract with the Théâtre Réjane (Le Gaulois, June 4, 1906) was exchanged ...

 

Article 'brillant' engagement

... with a "brilliant" engagement with the Théâtre des Variétés (Le Figaro, Nov. 14, 1906)

 

 

Theatre-plays 1906: Pour sa patrie ─  La tourmente ─  Miquette et sa mèreLa main droite

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Films released in 1906: Les étudiants de Paris Julot va dans le monde La puce gênante Lèvres collées Le pendu C'est papa qui a pris la purge

Apr. 5th 1906

The last performance of Max on the stage of the THÉÂTRE DE L'AMBIGU in La Tourmente. (A participation of Linder in the following premiere La Goualeuse, which René Jeanne indicated, can't be verified in original sources)

May 29th 1906

LE MATIN announces Max's transfer to the Théâtre Réjane, but, according to his own statement: «while I was rehearsing I was offered a better contract by the Variétés, and I moved there for three years.» (La Correspondencia de España, Oct 4th, 1912)

Autumn 1906

For the third and last time he (again under his real name «Leuvielle») files his application for the Conservatory in Paris. He fails to be admitted once more.

Nov. 2nd 1906

First première at his new workplace, the THEATRE DES VARIETES, is Miquette et sa mère.

 

1906

 

 

1907

 

 

Mar. 23rd 1907

The film Début d'un patineur, "the first great comedy played by Linder" [advert for the 'Cinemax' (1913)], has its premiere at the OMNIA PATHE in Paris.

Apr. 20th 1907

In the film Idée d'apache, André Deed is co-starring with Max Linder. André Deed had created the role of 'Boireau' (aka: Jim) back in 1906. Till the end of 1908, they will appear together in several more films, such as Pédicure par amour or Consultation improvisée.

July 1907

In two films, Le domestique hypnotiseur and Pitou, bonne d'enfants, Pathé Frères identifies in its catalog, the main character as "M. Linder". There is so far no evidence, that this information was passed on to cinema operators, press or the public.

Dec. 24th 1907

In the costume of «Polichinelle» he appears at a Christmas party at the CIRQUE D'HIVER. (Richard Abel, The Ciné goes to town.)

 

 

 

Poster for 'Début d'un patineur' 1907

[Source: L'Invitation au cinématographe, Jean-Louis Capitaine 1993]

 

Max Linder and André Deed in film

Max Linder and André Deed in the film "Idée d'apache"?: "Jim, somewhat made-up, and Max Linder in the film Max Linder robando ingeniosamente (Pathé Frères 1903)" (La Nación, Jan. 14, 1940) [Source: <pabloducroshicken-pintor.blogspot.de>]

 

 

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1907

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1908

Articles 1908:

Pathe Freres celebrates (Variety, Jul/18/08)

M. Charles Pathé (Kinematograph and Lantern weekly, Jul/23/08)

 

►►► More articles

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Poster 'Consultation improvisée'

Poster for "Consultation improvisée" [Source: EYE Film Instituut Nederland]

 

Theatre-plays 1908: Les deux ecoles ─ Passez muscade! ─  Le Roi

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Film-sketch premiered in 1908: [untitled]

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Films released in 1908: Mon pantalon est décousu Ma montre retarde Le premier cigare d'un collégien L'obsession de l'équilibre Vive la vie de garçon La suspension Les pérégrinations d'une puce La femme sandwich Pédicure par amour L'obsession de la belle-mère Retour inattendu Une veine de bossu La maîtresse de piano Un tic nerveux contagieux Deux grandes douleurs Un jeune homme timide Mes voisins font danser L'oncle à héritage Un fiancé trop occupé On demande un gendre à l'essai Le coup de foudre Création de la Serpentine Un mari peu veinard Le vertueux jeune homme Les tribulations d'un neveu Consultation improvisée

Mar. 4th 1908

Comœdia mentions for the first time Max Linder as film actor: "Max Linder formed himself a pretty success on the screen and would create a worldwide popularity, if his name appeared on the programs. That will come."

Apr. 24th 1908

Première of Le Roi at the Théâtre des Variétés. The play becomes the biggest success of the 1907/08 Paris theater season. Apart from his rather small  role as "William Touret" he now also «is the double of Max Dearly.» (Culture physique, Jul. 1st, 1908) Hoping to be able to step in for him one day, Max doesn’t renew his contract with Pathé.

Jun. 5th 1908

The film L'obsession de la belle-mère is shown at the CINEMATOGRAPHO PATHE in Rio de Janeiro. More than a year earlier than in Europe or the US, Max Linder is from now on identified as actor in the ads, announcing his films. As a study of more than a dozen cinema ads from Rio de Janeiro (A Imprensa, July 10th, 1908) shows, he is not only the first actor mentioned by name, but for the time being he is also the only one. For A obsessão da sogra it reads: «presented by the popular extraordinary comic Max Linder.» (Gazeta de Noticias, Jun. 5th, 1908). In the three previously released films he was billed as "(Max) Landry". Although at that time, "working for the cinema was frowned upon" (Caras y Caretas, Apr. 12th, 1913) and he will continue to appear anonymously in Europe for more than a year, Max admits for the first time publicly on

Jun. 9th 1908

"Oui, j'ai posé des scènes cinématographiques" [/"Yes, I posed in film scenes"] (Comœdia)

Jul. 4th 1908

At the Cirque d'Hiver in Paris, Max for the first time gives a performance, that combines film- and "live" appearance. The film introduction is not yet followed by a sketch, as in later years, but by a monologue, "and what a monologue! ..."

Sep. 18th 1908

"Max Linder is dying" the Parisian newspapers proclaim. A message, "without explaining the causes of his sickness" (Comœdia, Sep. 18, 1908), which they have to bring again several times, throughout his career. Initially, his condition improves and he can take up his role in Le Roi again, but after just over two weeks, he must be replaced by a colleague, for the following almost five months.

 

1908

 

 

1909

 

 

Jan. 1909

While Max is recovering in his hometown Bordeaux, he seizes the opportunity to play the role of Max Dearly in Le Roi. "Max Linder was truly stunning, with irresistible verve." (Comœdia, Nov. 7, 1925)

Jun. 13th 1909

At the annual charity event 'Fête de Comœdia' held at the VELODROME, Parc-des-Princes, "we saw Mr. Max Linder (from the Variétés), fearless balloonist, set off in a balloon that rose majestically amid cheers and vanished towards the coast of Saint-Cloud." (Le Figaro, June 14th, 1909) This scene, with Max Linder in the role of Arsène Lupin, was staged for the film Le voleur mondain.

Jun. 18th 1909

After 350 performances, the 3rd season of Le Roi begins without Max, because by now he has given up hope of ever achieving anything at the theatre. He signs a new contract with Pathé which grants him «a very high salary» (New York Dramatic Mirror, July 30th, 1910).

Jul. 1909

Aimé par sa bonne, the first film under his new contract, is released in Austria/Hungary. Beginning with the third film of the new series, respectively from mid-August 1909 on, he is now identified by name in Europe and the USA too. Meanwhile, on Aug. 17th, 1909 newspapers in South America celebrate the: «Reappearance of the priceless comic actor MR. MAX LINDER, the most popular film pantomime, the unforgettable creator of unforgettable pieces: In a difficult position [Mon pantalon est décousu], Unskilful skater [Début d'un patineur], Contagious nervous twitching [Un tic nerveux contagieux], Amateur acrobat [L'obsession de l'équilibre] ... and many other film strips of immense joy.»

Oct. 12th 1909

Max takes part at a charity concert, organised by Marguerite Montavon, his partner in films such as Vengeance du bottier or Avant et après!, in support of breastfeeding mothers. There, the one-act play La Chance du Mari is presented.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Excerpt from poster 'Le voleur mondain'

Excerpt from poster 'Le voleur mondain'.

 

Newspaper ad. 'Aimé par sa bonne'

Ad. for "Aimé par sa bonne" [Querido Pela Criada] (O Paiz, Aug. 17, 1909)

1909

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1910

Articles 1910:

 

Film Index, Jul. 16, 1910

(Film Index, Jul. 16, 10)

The popular Max Linder (New York Dramatic Mirror, Jul/30/10)

Max has appendicitis (Film Index, Dec/17/10)

 

►►► More articles

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Fête de Comoedia

Fête de Comœdia (Le journal du dimanche, Jul. 24, 1910)

 

ML and Jeanette Denarber

Max Linder (picture with Jeanette Denarber) performs in "La Grande Revue" and "Vive Paris!" a scene on roller skates.

 

Newspaper article 'Sante de Max Linder'

The health condition of Max Linder (Gil Blas, Nov. 11, 1910)

 

 

 

Film-sketches premiered in 1910: Cocher! à l'Olympia Jeffries contre Johnson

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Films released in 1910: La timidité guérie par le sérum Une bonne pour Monsieur, un domestique pour Madame Une jeune fille romanesque Le pacte Je voudrais un enfant Soldat par amour Le serment d'un prince Mauvaise vue Une ruse de mari Une représentation au cinéma L'ingénieux attentat Tout est bien qui finit bien Kyrelor bandit par amour Amour et fromage Une épreuve difficile Le duel de Mr. Myope Le revolver arrange tout Max fait du ski Max est distrait Les effets des pilules Max se trompe d'étage Trop aimée Un mariage au puzzle La flûte merveilleuse Un cross-country original Champion de boxe Mon chien rapporte Les débuts de Max au cinématographe Comment Max Linder fait le tour du monde Quel est l'assassin Max prend un bain Le soulier trop petit Max cherche une fiancée Max hypnotiséMax manque un riche mariage Max ne se mariera pas

Feb. 4th 1910

Max Linder, together with de Brinon, demonstrates his swordsmanship in the THEATRE DE LA RENAISSANCE. In the "causerie" (/chat) SUR LE PRÉ by Eugène Rouzier-Dorcières, as part of the "series" Vendredi de la Parisienne, they are seen in a 'Duel moderne'. Probably with the same routine, this time with Jean Worms, he is also represented at a gala at the THEATRE SARAH BERNHARDT on June 4th, 1910.

Mar. 3rd 1910

At the THEATRE DES CELESTINS in Lyon, Max appears until March 6, again in the role of 'Blond' in Le Roi.

Apr. 2nd 1910

At the OLYMPIA in Paris 'La Grande Revue' premiers. Max performs in the film-sketch Cocher! à l'Olympia, which has «jamais vue jusqu'ici» («never been seen before») (Le Figaro, Apr. 4th, 1910). In another number "La comète à Paris", he appears on roller skates with Jeanette Denarber.

Jun. 28th 1910

The annual charity event organised by Comœdia for «L' Œuvre Française du Rapatriement des Artistes» is held again at the PARC DES PRINCES. «This humorous race of highest imagination, was designed by the well-known comic artist Max Linder; needless to say it had the greatest success.» (Le journal du dimanche, Jul. 24th, 1910) Pathé Frères filmed the event and released it as Un cross-country original.

Jul. 30th 1910

In an article for the CINE JOURNAL Georges Fagot gives the number of films in which Max Linder appeared in as «plus de cent» [/«more than hundred»]. Adding the 115 films, in which he will appear in from now on, his whole “œuvre” can be estimated at approximately 220 films.

Sep. 4th 1910

Max is on holiday in Arcachon (Gironde). He also shoots parts of the film Max cherche une fiancée here.

Oct. 20th 1910

In the revue 'Vive Paris!' he is seen in the film-sketch Jeffries contre Johnson at the OLYMPIA in Paris, where he "does a boxing match on skates with Tom Pender, in a Montmartre cafe." (Variety, Nov. 12th, 1910). In another number, he and Lucy Jousset can be seen in a dance "pantomime". Special posters with Max Linder are printed on which he asks: «M'as-tu vu, à l'Olympia?» (/«Did you see me at Olympia?»).

Nov. 8th 1910

He is being admitted to hospital and operated on the same evening due to appendicitis. Apparently this was caused, or at least coincided with an accident that occurred, while he was performing his routine on roller-skates: "I slipped and fell. [...] then from the blow I was told of the peritonitis and had to have this terrible operations. I have the belly open on three or four sides." (La Correspondencia de España, Oct 4th, 1912) Complications cause a delay in his recovery of nearly six month.

 

1910

 

 

1911

 

 

 

Jul. 6th 1911

Eight month after Max was operated on for the first time, his physician Dr. Di Chiara undertakes a final operation.

Jul. 28th 1911

The first film after his recovery Voisin, Voisine, has it’s initial release in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.

Aug. 10th 1911

Max, accompanied by his family, visits the evening performance at the 'Cinéma Pathé Frères' in Arcachon. He spends the summer in that town, at the villa Elisabeth, Avenue Nelly-Deganne.

 

 

Newspaper ad. 'Voisin, Voisine'

(Erste Internationale Film-Zeitung, Aug. 12, 1911)

 

Newspaper ad. 'Le Journal, 18.11.1911'

Looking for an apartment (Le Journal, Nov. 18, 1911)

1911

Article 1911:

[The health of Max Linder] (O Pharol, Sep/15/11)

 

►►► More articles

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1912

Articles 1912:

Max Linder returns (Moving Picture World, May/04/12)

[In order to get some further...] (Bioscope, Jun/20/12)

[The enterprising and indefatigable...] (Bioscope, Jun/20/12)

Tour, 1912 ("Translat.")

[Artists of the cinema] (Mundo gráfico, Sep/25/12)

[Max Linder] (De tots colors, Sep/27/12)

[An interview with Max Linder] (El Cine, Sep/28/12)

[Bullfighting] (La Publicidad, Sep/29/12)

[Talking to Max Linder] (La Correspondencia de España, Oct/4/12)

[A letter from Max Linder] (La Correspondencia de España, Oct/4/12)

[Summary of the banquet] (El mundo cinematográfico, Oct/10/12)

[The cinema favorites] (Délmagyarország, Oct/27/12)

[Max Linder] (Cachoeriano, Nov/17/12)

[Max Linder hero of the film] (Délmagyarország, Nov/24/12)

 

►►► More articles

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Max in Chamonix

The winning team of the cup Mont Blanc. Captain Max Linder. [Source: "La Vie au Grand Air", Apr. 15, 1919)

 

 

Newspaper ad. 1,000,000 Francs

(Oesterreichischer Komet, Aug. 10, 1912)

 

 

Max arrives in Spain

Max Linder, in the Plaza de San Jaime [Source: "Destino", Mar. 17, 1945] — Max (x) and his double!?

 

 

Picture of Max Linder as bullfighter

Max Linder in the bullring (El mundo cinematográfico, Oct. 10, 1912) [Collection: Bundesarchiv/ Filmarchiv, Berlin]

 

 

Newspaper ad. 'El Anis del Mono'

Advertisement for "El Anis del Mono" (Nuevo Mundo, Oct. 10, 1912)

 

 

Picture of Max Linder in bed

The popular film artist Max Linder, injured in consequence of a fall that occurred during representation of comic sketch "Chiropody for love", presented at the Gran Teatro on Tuesday of last week. Photograph obtained in his room at the Hotel Ritz, where he is staying. FOT. SALAZAR [Mundo Gráfico, Oct. 16, 1912]

 

 

Max Linder and Angel Lancho

The king of the film Max Linder, at a floret assault with master Lancho. [Fot. Cañizares] (La unión ilustrada, Oct. 20, 1912)

 

 

Arrival in Lisbon

Max Linder in Lisbon: the artist, the dancer Napierkowska and businessman Sr. Lino Ferreira. [Shot by Benoliel] (Ilustração Portuguesa, Oct. 28, 1912)

 

 

Poster 'Max Linder kommt!'

Poster announcing stage act at the Ronacher-Theater in Vienna [Source: Wiener Stadt- und Landesbibliothek]

 

 

Picture of Max on stage with 2 Ladies

Max Linder and Léonora 'La bella' [right] in Berlin. (Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung, Dec. 29, 1912)

Film-sketches premiered in 1912: [untitled] [untitled] Pédicure par amour

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Films released in 1912: Max lance la mode Max reprend sa liberté Max et son chien Dick Amoureux de la teinturière Max Linder contre Nick Winter Bandit par amour Que peut-il avoir? Le succès de la prestidigitation Une nuit agitée L'âne jaloux La malle au mariage Max cocher de fiacre Oh! Les femmes Idylle à la ferme Un pari original Peintre par amour La fuite de gaz Le mal de mer La vengeance du domestique Amour tenace Voyage de noces Max boxeur par amour Max émule de Tartarin Entente cordiale Mariage au téléphone Max veut grandir Petit roman L'enlèvement en hydroaéroplane Jalousie La peur de l'eau Max et l'inauguration de la statue Le rendez-vous

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Non-fiction films 1912: Pathé Journal №183 Pathé Journal

Feb. 7th 1912

Max participates in a bobsleigh competition in Chamonix. In his «Bob l'Aigle» he gains a "Belle victoire" (La Presse, Feb. 8th, 1912), followed by the 'Bob' of Mouézy-Eon.

Mar. 24th 1912

Max appears at the afternoon and evening show at the Cirque d'Hiver in a new sketch, written by himself. Accompanying him in the «cinéma-comédie» are Gabriel Moreau, Jean Liezer and Ferval. The receipts are used for buying a military airplane.

Apr. 5th 1912

LE CINEMA writes, that Max Linder has been engaged for a three month tour through Europe, which is to bring him the «modest» sum of 60,000 Francs.

Jun. 6th 1912

Max performs in a film-sketch at the Brasserie Cinéma Rochechouart, where he is seen in a «boxing match on roller-skates» with his partner Georges Vinter (aka: Nick Winter).

Jun. 9th 1912

At the cycle racing track at the PARC DES PRINCES, immediately after the finish of the French national stayers championship, Max does some filming, dressed as a jockey, for the picture Jockey par amour.

Jul. 1912           

Max signs a 3-year-contract for one million francs. To come up with the money Pathé finds it necessary to raise the cost of his films. In Germany they become 20% more expensive. Up to now his annual income was estimated to be 100,000 francs (Der deutsche Lichtbildtheater-Besitzer, March 30th, 1911). His much acclaimed tour of Spain, which is often cited as having caused this "million-francs"-contract, doesn't take place until two months later.

Aug. 10th 1912

Max arrives in Arcachon (Gironde). On August 28th he starts in a regatta with his yacht FILM. That is probably when the shots for Les débuts d'un yachtman were taken.

Sep. 20th 1912

Stage act with Stacia Napierkowska at the TEATRE NOVETATS in Barcelona (Spain). Before the Sketch Pédicure par amour, the film Mariage au téléphone is being shown for the first time. The Sketch is based on a film from 1908 with the same title and written and directed by Charles Decroix. This time Linder and his friend Armand Massard, columnist at La Presse, are both credited as authors.

Sep. 25th 1912

At the restaurant El Tibidabo in Barcelona, a banquet is being given in his honour.

Sep. 28th 1912

Before an audience of more than 10,000 (some sources mention 30,000) spectators, Max appears as bull-fighter in a Barcelona arena. The sequences filmed on this occasion are already shown one day later, during his stage act at the TEATRE NOVETATS. They are also incorporated into Max toréador as well as into an edition of the newsreel Pathé Journal.

Oct. 3rd 1912

Max attends the premiere, where André Deed presents the "film" 'El Santo de Toribio' on the stage of the TEATRO-CIRCO DE PRICE in Madrid. Earlier this year, he had written in the CINE JOURNAL the article 'A propos du film joué au "Ciné-Théâtre"' in which he stressed the differences between his 'Ciné-Théâtre' and the way in which Max presents his 'film Sketches'.

Oct. 7th 1912

Begins engagement at the GRAN TEATRO in Madrid (Spain). The premiere was planned for Oct. 4th, but due to a strike by railway workers, his stage equipment doesn't arrive in time. At the same time, probably prompted by the 'unkind' reviews he's gotten in Barcelona, Max tries to lower the expectations of his Madrid audience, by writing in an open letter, published in the newspapers of the capital: "I am not perfect, nor do I pretend to be a great actor of comedy or drama, but simply an artist of the cinema." (La Correspondencia de España, Oct. 4th, 1912)

Oct. 8th 1912

During the performance at the Gran Teatro in Madrid, Max has an accident. After another accident the following year, while descending on a rope, he apparently decides to acquire the assistance of a stunt double. While in Russia in late 1913, a newspaper correspondent discovers him backstage, as someone else is climbing down the rope. (Russkoye Slovo, Dec. 16th, 1913 [russ. Cal., Dec. 3rd, 1913]).

Oct. 9th 1912

Max has to cut short his presentations at the GRAN TEATRO in Madrid. A day after his fall, he performs again on stage, omitting the 'Bear dance' and the chase scene, but on the morning of Oct. 10th he gets a fever and the doctor recommends a resting phase.

Oct. 13th 1912

Despite the prescribed rest period, Max already takes part in a meeting, which the Spanish champion in fencing, Angel Lancho holds in a fencing hall on the Calle de Ventura de la Vega in Madrid. Present are "almost all amateurs of the noble art and some honorable professionals."

Oct. 15th 1912

Max and his partners, Stacia Napierkowska, Jacques Vandenne and Delson arrive in Lisbon, Portugal.

Oct. 19th 1912

Performs at the Theatro da Republica in Lisbon for four days. Here the film Entente cordiale is part of the act.

Nov. 15th 1912

15-day stay at the Ronacher in Vienna with his partners Leonora and Vandenne. The day before, Linder was seen shooting the "introductory"-film in front of that theatre.

Nov. 19th 1912

Accompanied by his sketch-partners he attends a cinema performance of L’enlèvement en hydroaéroplane in a Viennese  Cinema.

Dec. 2nd 1912

A guest performance at the Wintergarten in Berlin, scheduled to last two weeks, has to be prolonged by another two weeks, due to his great success. The German actor Albert Paulig, who moderates his stage act, also takes part in the "introductory film". (Berliner Börsen Courrier, Dec. 12th, 1912)

Dec. 7th 1912

Two German film companies are said to have offered Max a contract to lure him away from Pathé Frères. According to the «Berliner Tageblatt» they are prepared to pay him 1.5 million francs for a period of three years. "Both firms are also willing to buy him out of a contract for £10,000 for three years, which he has already entered into with a Paris firm." (London Evening News, Dec. 9, 1912)

 

1912

 

 

1913

 

 

Film-sketch premiered in 1913: C'est le Tango qui est la cause de ça

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Films released in 1913: Jockey par amour Max est charitable Les débuts d'un yachtman Mariages imprévus Max Linder pratique tous les sports Rivalité Max et les crêpes Max toréador Les vacances de Max Max n'aime pas les chats LE DUEL DE MAX Le billet doux Le chapeau de Max Max fait de la photo Max virtuose Max fait des conquêtes La médaille de sauvetage Max collectionne les chaussures Max illusionniste L'anglais tel que Max le parle Maks Linder i g-zha Prokhorova Pribytiye v Moskvu N'embrassez pas votre bonne

———————————————

Non-fiction film 1913: Pathé Journal

Jan. 8th 1913

Max's presence creates a stir when he attends a boxing match at the CIRQUE DE PARIS between Georges Carpentier and Marcel Moreau: «From the high galleries Max Linder was recognised at the ring: applause broke forth, insisting shouts of joy, and the King of the Cinema had to get up and greet his many subjects.» E. Rouzier-Dorcières. (La semaine de Paris, Jan. 23rd, 1913)

Feb. 27th 1913

THE BIOSCOPE writes that arrangements of a tour through Russia are completed. Since it took almost nine month for Linder to actually get there, some historians have speculated that there were two tours to the East. Apart from the note in THE BIOSCOPE no more evidence of a venture to Russia in early 1913 could be found though.

Mar. 29th 1913

At the Luxemburg CINEMA PARISIANA the film Max est charitable has its premiere. Because of a “traité spécial avec la Maison Pathé” (Courrier Cinématographique) theater owner Hubert Marzen was able to show Pathé Films, and thus the Max Linder films too, “14 days ahead of France and 8 to 14 days ahead of Germany” (Bürger Zeitung, Mar. 1st, 1913).

May 1913

In Monaco, Max shoots a film in a hydroplane, which he is flying himself. In one scene with Lilian Greuze, his favourite co-star from now on, Max almost gets into the propeller, had not the mechanic switched off the engine just in time. (Comœdia, May 9th, 1913) The complete film is eventually released during the war, as Le hasard et l'amour.

Jun. 14th 1913

The film Max toréador has its premiere in Barcelona, Spain. A large part of the picture consists of footage taken in a bullring in Sep. 1912, on his tour to that country. Since that time Max had wanted to bring the finished film back to Spain on a proposed second tour. When that couldn't be worked out, he made sure that the GRAN CINE ELDORADO in Barcelona got the exclusive rights to premier the film.

Jul. 6th 1913

Max rents the Olympia in Paris for five weeks. Under the slogan «Max tue un taureau» (/«Max kills a bull») Max toréador is shown for the first time in France. The other Linder-film screened is Max Linder pratique tous les sports. This «Max Linder season» doesn’t include a personal appearance by Max.

Jul. 22nd 1913

Attends «Régates Internationales du Havre» with his yacht Film. In the "6 meters" category Max reaches fifth Place.

Jul. 25th 1913

At the "Cines" Nollendorf-Theater in Berlin and at the Olympia in Paris, Linder's first feature length film, LE DUEL DE MAX premiers. However in both countries, only an abridged version can be shown, because copyright claims on the sketch of "The broken mirror", led to the film being released in two different versions. The complete hour-long version is, for the time being, only released in countries like the UK or Holland, where no relevant legislation yet exists. But, with the re-release of the film in April 1920, the scene is released in France as well.

Aug. 10th 1913

At the end of the «Max Linder season» the film Max toréador has been shown 50 times.

Aug. 30th 1913

At the Parisian music-hall Alhambra the Film-sketch C'est le tango qui est la cause de ça is shown. His partners are Hilda May, Georges Gorby and Louis Pré (Pré fils). Despite the new title, the playlet performed on stage, is again Pédicure par amour. The engagement lasts 32 days.

Sep. 2nd 1913

Max suffers a minor accident at the beginning of his performance at the Alhambra. While he was lowering himself from a rope, he fell onto the stage. Although he is able to continue the sketch this evening, the performances of Sep. 3rd and 4th are cancelled.

Sep. 11th 1913

The film «Max on the road to matrimony» is released in the UK. It contains the separate scene of the «mirror-trick» from LE DUEL DE MAX. In 1923, a 9,5mm "Pathé Baby"-version is sold under the title 'Une bonne farce'.

Oct. 10th 1913

Max takes over the management of the Kosmorama which had been opened only the year before. It becomes the “Topical”-Cinema Pathé Journal until, after some renovation, it is being reopened on Dec. 17th, 1914 as Ciné Max Linder.

Oct. 11th 1913

The Tango, which has been seen at the Alhambra, is also shown at the Palais de la danse of the  Olympia, which has been opened the night before.

Nov. 14th 1913

Begins a two-week engagement at the Royal-Orfeum in Budapest together with Lucette Darbelle.

Nov. 19th 1913

At the Hotel Ritz in Budapest Max is being visited at 8 a.m. by a marshal. He had failed to pay the commission to an Austrian agent for a failed guest performance at the London HIPPODROME. At the end of last year a court had ordered Max to pay 1,000 Francs, but he hadn't done so.

Dec. 3rd 1913

Arriving in St. Petersburg, "a crowd of many thousand heads welcomed him and he was lifted on the shoulders and in this way brought to the car." (Rigasche Zeitung, Dec. 6th, 1913 [russ. Cal., Nov. 23st, 1913]). Apart from Georges Gorby and Ferral, his female partner in Russia is Mary Mitchell. Here the film-Sketch C'est le tango qui est la cause de ça is shown. Elements of the stage play will later be used in the film Coiffeur par amour. Musical accompanist is, according to his own statement, Dimitri Tiomkin (1894-1979).

Dec. 4th 1913

Max visits the "Brodyachaya Sobaka" (/The Stray Dog), a cabaret in St. Petersburg, where he meets, among others, Vladimir Mayakovsky of the Russian Futurist's movement. (The Duel of Top Hats, Yuri Tsivian, Griffithiana № 50, 1994)

Dec. 12th 1913

Irène Bordoni, dressed as Max Linder, appears on stage in the two-act play Si j'ose m'exprimer ainsi by Jean Bastia. She will be seen in the same outfit at the REVUE DE MARIGNY in the sketch "Les sosies" [de Max Linder] from June 11th, 1914 on. Shortly after that, look-alikes of Max Linder begin to appear in films as well. André Séchan tried to make a career as a Max Linder-double, beginning with the film Comment il manqua son mariage. This is followed up with the series "Patinot" in 1916, and "Fritzigli" in 1920.

Dec. 16th 1913

The second stop in Russia is Moscow.  Again, a crowd of students carries him all the way out of the station. Enterprising filmmakers use the stay of Max Linder in Moscow, to stage a 'Moscow picture', with the working title Maks i Kursistka (Max and the girl student) and co-starring the French actress Mlle. Carron. Max leaves Moscow on Dec. 22nd. In Berlin (Germany), the film N'embrassez pas votre bonne is being shown before an invited audience at the Lichtspiele «Mozartsaal».

Dec. 20th 1913

During his stay in Moscow, he is also invited to "Letuchey Myshi" (/The Bat), an artistic cabaret, "in which he was given a reception inspired, by all probability, by a mirror gag in one of his films." (The Duel of Top Hats, Yuri Tsivian, Griffithiana № 50, 1994). That film is likely to be LE DUEL DE MAX.

Dec. 25th 1913

According to a report by the RUSSKOYE SLOVO, the second performance at the TSIRK in Kiev, had to be cancelled, due to a lack of spectators, respectively too high ticket prices. The remaining shows, scheduled for Dec. 26th and 27th, are also cancelled.

Dec. 30th 1913

Harry Fragson, Linder’s partner in Entente Cordiale, is being killed by his (83-year-old!) father.

Dec. 31st 1913

At the Gorodskom Teatre in Odessa Max appears on stage for three days. Even more enthusiastic than in St. Petersburg or Moscow «he was welcomed in the streets with hurrah and virtually carried on shoulders. Because of him even the traffic jammed, which prompted the police to intervene.» (St. Petersburger Zeitung, Jan. 1st, 1914 [russ. Cal., Dec. 20th, 1913]).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apartement on the Quai d'Orsay in Paris in 1913

Linder's Apartment in Paris: 113, Quai d'Orsay, XVe

 

 

Poster 'Le Duel de Max'

Poster for "Le duel de Max" [Source: EYE Film Instituut Nederland]

 

 

Newspaper ad. 'De Gebroken Spiegel'

When "Max en de Liefde" (Le duel de Max), was released in Nov. 1913, the "Broken Mirror" scene took prominence in the Ads. (Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant, Nov. 10, 1913)

 

 

Pathé Baby excerpt

Extract from "Pathé-Baby" catalogue 1923 [Source: cinerdistan.co.uk]

 

 

Picture of the Pathe Journal in August 1914

Picture of the "Pathé-Journal", taken in July 1914 [Source: Paris-Palaces, Jean-Jacques Meusy, 1995]

 

 

Poster for 'sketch' in Budapest

Poster for his performance in Budapest. "Own theatre company/ Personal appearance!"

 

 

Picture of Max Linder in Russia

Max in Russia [Source: Maks Linder, Sergej Jutkewitsch 1926]

 

 

 

Picture of Irene Bordoni as Max Linder

Irène Bordoni on stage at the Théâtre Doré (Comoedia illustré, Jan. 5, 1914)

 

Picture of André Séchan as Max Linder

ANDRÉ SÉCHAN, called Fritzigli, impersonator of Max Linder. (Cinémagazine, Dec. 22, 1922)

1913

Articles 1913:

[An interview with Max Linder] (Caras y caretas, Apr/12/13)

[Max Linder comes to Rio] (A Noite, Apr/22/13)

[Max Linder, Brazilian] (Gazeta de Noticias, Jun/17/13)

[Max Linder is not at Olympia...] (Bioscope, Jul/17/13)

[Amidst the bustling crowds...] (Bioscope, Aug/21/13)

[To a packed house...] (Bioscope, Sep/4/13)

[Max Linder met with an accident...] (Bioscope, Sep/18/13)

Max Linder. A Masterpiece of Comedy (Sunday Times, Sep/14/13)

Tour, 1913 ("Translat.")

[Artists, you - come across by day] (Szinházi élet, Nov/30/13)

[Secretary of Max Linder ...] (Ranneye Utro, Dec/18/13)

 

►►► More articles

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1914

Articles 1914:

Tango - The Rage (Sunday Times, Feb/8/14)

[Max Linder in Berlin] (O Pharol, Jun/04/14)

[Max Linder] (Gazeta de Noticias, Jun/04/14)

Gaby Desly's escape (New York Times, Jul/16/14)

[The name and fame of Max Linder...] (Bioscope, Jul/23/14)

[I saw him in the flesh] (Fon-Fon, Jul/25/14)

King of Europe's Movies (Pittsburgh Press, Aug/30/14)

"Movie" King killed (Washington Post, Oct/1/14)

 

Article in Picture Show Magazine, 1919

(The Sun, Oct. 1, 14)

[Max Linder died in the war] (La Tribuna, Oct/1/14)

[Max Linder has not died] (La Comarca del Vallés, Oct/2/14)

[Max Linder] (A Federação, Oct/3/14)

[The week] (O Paiz, Oct/4/14)

Max Linder only wounded (New York Dramatic Mirror, Oct/7/14)

Max Linder reported killed (Moving Picture World, Oct/10/14)

[Max Linder lives. - Max and his mother-in-law] (Caras y caretas, Oct/10/14)

[The agony of the clown] (La Esfera, Oct/10/14)

Notes written on the screen (New York Times, Oct/11/14)

Max Linder denies he is dead (Moving Picture World, Oct/17/14)

Max Linder not dead (Motography, Oct/17/14)

[The story of Max Linder's death ...] (Sunday Times, Nov/29/14)

[Max Linder.] (Nieuws van den dag, Nov/30/14)

[Max] (Careta, Dec/12/14)

 

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Frame enlargement Max in Berlin

Max in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin [Frame enlargement from "Max Professeur de Tango"]

 

(La Presse, Mar. 29, 1914)

 

Max Linder in uniform

(Moving Picture World, Nov. 18, 1916)

 

Frame enlargements from "Un idiot qui se croit Max Linder" (left) and "Max pédicure" (right)

 

(The Washington Post, Oct. 1, 1914)

 

Max and dog Wah

(El Paso Herald, Feb. 19, 1917)

 

Film-sketches premiered in 1914: [in Revue:] Elle est de ... Député

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Films released in 1914: Maks i Kursistka Max pédicure Max est décoré Max professeur de tango Max, maître d'hôtel Mari jaloux Max et la doctoresse Le pendu Max joue le drame Mariage forcé Max à Monaco Max asthmatique Max et sa belle-mère Cuisinier par amour Max au couvent Très moutarde Dick est un chien savant Coiffeur par amour

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Non-fiction film 1914: Max Linders Reise nach Warschau (Pathé Journal?)

Jan. 5th 1914

Max leaves Odessa. His tour had been prolonged by two days. The day before, he had, as in Moscow on Dec. 21, 13, once again brought to the stage the sketch Pédicure par amour.

Jan. 7th 1914

Arrives in Warsaw, the last stop of his tour through Russia. Just like a week earlier in Odessa, when fans were deceived and disappointed by a Max Linder double, the planned reception again couldn't take place. Max had been secretly led from the train and brought into a hotel by the polish producer Mordka Towbin and only after a promise to split the earnings of the stage performances, was Max reunited with the 'official' representative Aleksander Hertz. (Nuevo Mundo, Jun. 10th, 1932)

Jan. 8th 1914

2-day performance at the FilHarmonia in Warsaw.

Jan. 1914

The magazine «Illustrierte Kino-Woche» (Berlin) lets its readers vote their favourite actor or actress. Rank one to three are taken by actors of the drama. Max comes in fourth.

Jan. 14th 1914

On his way back to Paris he stops in Berlin to undertake some exterior shooting for Max professeur de Tango.

Mar. 15th 1914

Gabrielle Lange, Linder's co-star in films such as Victime du quinquina and Amoureux de la teinturière dies in Paris, "after a long and serious illness." (L'Intransigeant, Mar. 18th, 1914)

Mar. 27th 1914

The revue Elle est de..., which he wrote together with Max Aghion premieres at the Gaité Rochechouart. The main actors are Made Andral, Castel and Dave Loty. According to a note in LE FILM (June 12th, 1914) the revue isn’t a big success: "He played this winter at the Gaité-Rochechouart; it was immediately terminated as his inability became notorious. Will he risk another failure on the planks? Where do we stop? Where will he stop?" «LE 2» stops on April 23rd.

Jun. 11th 1914

Premieres «en chair et en os» (/«in flesh and blood») at the Folies-Marigny with the sketch Député. Germaine Rysor and Fred Pascal are playing next to him. Parts of the plot were taken from Les vacances de Max.

Jul. 4th 1914

A court in Paris rules, that Georges Lordier, owner of the CINEMAX has to change the name of his Cinema. In preparation of his own CINÉ MAX LINDER Max was afraid the name might mislead the public into thinking, the CINEMAX had a privilege to show Linder-films.

Jul. 14th 1914

On the French national holiday, to which Max invited, among others, Gaby Deslys and Harry Pilcer into his villa in Varenne-St. Hilaire, an accident occurs, by which some of his guests fall into the Marne. Nobody is being hurt though.

Jul. 27th 1914

Trade show at the Hotel-Monopol in Vienna, at which the film Max asthmatique is being shown. In contrast to Germany, where, with the outbreak of war, no new Max Linder-films can be shown, this one will still be launched in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy at the end of August. Further showings of already bought, yet unreleased films like Max et sa belle-mère or Max au couvent, also take place till the end of the year, albeit without the usual ad.-campaign.

Jul. 31st 1914

While Germany declares a state of war, the last Max Linder Film before the outbreak of war Max à Monaco premieres in Berlin cinemas. The Pathé staff leaves the German capitol the very same day.

Aug. 3rd 1914

Official declaration of war between Germany and France. Max enlists voluntarily and offers his automobile to the army. "In the evening of the third day of the mobilisation, we saw Max Linder joyful, wearing a colourful costume of an aviator. The onlookers believed in the return of a troupe, that had just shot an impressive scene." (La Lanterne, Oct. 3th, 1914)

Aug. 14th 1914

The planned release of the Comica production Un idiot qui se croit Max Linder could not take place due to the outbreak of war. "The idiot who thinks he is Max Linder" is played by Jules Vial, who, for some months, has tried to establish his own series with the character of 'Gaëtan' (aka: Gactan). Max Linder only appears in this film in a 90 second scene, taken from the film Max pedicure. It seems however, that the scene was not simply copied from the print, but separately filmed by an adjacent camera.

Sep. 14th 1914

The RIGASCHE ZEITUNG reports, that Max Linder has been killed. Four days later another paper writes, that, during a military operation, Max was killed on Sep. 2, 1914, by being hit and run over by a car. The report also states, that Linder was born in Germany, a claim that stuck with him for so long, that it forced him eventually to reject, by showing his civil status documents to a reporter, more than half a year later (Le Journal, April 17th, 1915). On Oct. 3rd Linder telephones from the front stating that he is not even sick but merely convalescent. When the newspaper LE PETIT PARISIEN on

Nov. 6th 1914

reported on his return to the front, they talked of a «maladie» (sickness) instead of an injury, as a cause for his hospitalisation. The paper also mentions that he serves in the army as «aviateur-observateur». But when he talks to a reporter in June 1915, he confirms that he has been seriously injured and apparently has a scar on his chest to show for it, but he wont «tell anyone because I do not want my poor mother to find out.» (Heraldo de Madrid, Jun. 17th, 1915)

Dec. 17th 1914

The Pathé Journal is being reopened as Ciné Max Linder with the Première of the film Très moutarde. "Very important note. - The Ciné Max Linder will be the only institution in Paris to run the sensational new films of the «King of the screen»." (La Presse, Dec. 16th, 1914)

 

1914

 

 

1915

 

 

Films released in 1915: Le baromètre de la fidélité Le sosie Tulipe merveilleuse Le hasard et l'amour

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Non-fiction film 1915: Pathé Journal

Jan. 3rd 1915

The newspaper LA LANTERNE reports that «Max Linder, driver in the 19th company of the train, is on convalescent leave.» Later it is revealed, that «In the course of his perilous journeys, driving at terrific speed, without lights, a collision occurred. Max was violently thrown out and badly injured». (Pictures and Picturegoer, Nov. 20th, 1915)

Mar. 2nd 1915

Max gets discharged from the army.

May 16th 1915

Max starts his tour of Italy in Turin. His sketch Député, in which he is accompanied again by Germaine Rysor, is being shown at the Teatro Alfieri, one of the biggest and most elegant theatres in town.

May 19th 1915

The 3000-seat theatre Dal Verme in Milan sees Max until May 23rd. After that, he travels to Florence and Genoa.

May 28th 1915

On the second of his five-day stay at the Teatro Nazionale in Rome, the Italian prime minister Antonio Salandra attends the performance. Italy has declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy  five days earlier. «The Roman public still remembers a night at the "Nazionale" when the representation was changed into a patriotic demonstration, to which the inexhaustible Max gave grounds, when at one point he shouted from the stage: "Long live Italy!"» (La Revista cinematografica, Nov. 25th, 1925). The conclusion of his tour of Italy is Naples.

Sep. 13th 1915

LA GAZETTE DE LAUSANNE announces that Max Linder is staying at the hotel BEAU RIVAGE in Lausanne (Switzerland). The entire film Max victime de la main qui étreint will be shot there.

Dec. 21st 1915

Max, accompanied by i.a. Prince (Whiffles) and Cécile Guyon, is selling programs at the GAUMONT PALACE in Paris, to assist in the "Journée du poilu" (/Day of the soldier). Like every other cinema in France, the PALACE has agreed, to donate the earnings of one day for that cause.

 

 

 

Max Linder in Turin

Max Linder, on special leave, having fought at the front to which he will soon return, was presented these days to the Turin audience of the Teatro Alfieri, dressed as poilu to reassure his admirers that he is not ... dead. It was highly acclaimed. (La Vita cinematografico, May 22, 1915)

1915

Articles 1915:

[War Diary] (O Pharol, May/27/15)

Tour, 1915 ("Translat.")

[Talking to Max Linder] (Heraldo de Madrid, Jun/17/15)

Movie "Lights," Israelites (The Sentinel, Jul/2/15)

News of Max Linder (Pictures and Picturegoer, Nov/20/15)

 

►►► More articles

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1916

Articles 1916:

[The "Journée du Poilu" at...] (Motion Picture News, Jan/29/16)

[Max Linder] (Cinemagraf, Mar/25/16)

[The idol of the tacky girls] (El Nacional, Jun/27/16)

[There is hardly a day...] (Argus, Jul/6/16)

[The famous Max Linder] (Imparcial, Aug/31/16)

Interviewing "Max" (Bioscope, Oct/19/16)

Written on the screen (New York Times, Nov/12/16)

Max Linder is now with us (Moving Picture World, Nov/25/16)

[Max Linder in New York] (Cine-Mundial, Dec/16)

 

►►► More articles

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Ad. 'Le 2 aout 1914'

(Cinemagraf, May 14, 1916)

 

Picture Max Linder und Spoor

Max Linder and George K. Spoor (Moving Picture World, Dec. 9, 1916)

Jan. 11th 1916

Max is voted the most popular movie actor of the year 1915, by the readers of the Brazil. newspaper o imparcial.

Feb. 1916

Max, "gone to Nice to rest a few weeks, has received such a tempting offer, he immediately went to Switzerland to shoot some sensational films..." (Le carnet de la semaine, Feb. 27th, 1916)

Apr. 14th 1916

Premiere of the first film Max Linder has made since the outbreak of war on: Deux août 1914. It seems highly unlikely, that it was filmed at the beginning of the war, like virtually every film historian suggests, only to be left on the shelves for the following, almost two years. During the war only seven films of the "Max-series" are made for Pathé. It seems they are shot between early 1916 and his departure for the US in October of the same year, mostly in Switzerland. In an interview for LA RAMPE, published on Jan. 27th, 1916 he confirms: "I didn't shoot a film for almost two years."

1916

Entertaining the troops at Verdun. In an underground hall, called "Trocadero", Max Linder recites, in the uniform of a corporal, "some boisterous stories from a film artist's life." (Altonaer Nachrichten, Oct. 26th, 1916)

Aug. 1916

Signs a contract with Essanay, requiring him to put out 12 films in one year.

Oct. 28th 1916

Departs for the United States.

Nov. 10th 1916

Max arrives at the Essanay-Studios in Chicago, carrying his luggage in 46 trunks.

Dec. 1916

Shooting begins for Max comes across (Chicago).

 

1916

 

 

1917

 

 

Feb. 6th 1917

«Trade show» of Max comes across in Loew's New York.

Feb. 25th 1917

Passenger ship Laconia is sunk by a German submarine. All 50 prints of Max comes across, which were meant to be shown on the British Isles, are lost.

Mar. 6th 1917

Journey to the West coast, to shoot «His First Los Angeles Made Comedy» (Ad: L.A. Times, April 29th, 1917), with the title Max in a taxi. The freezing temperatures in Chicago had caused health problems. Strangely enough, Max, as well as his secretary Albert Petit, would later deny, having gone there. With the argument "Why would Linder deny being in California before '20?" (Films in Review, Jun./ Jul. 1965), film historian Jack Spears rather dismissed all the contemporary press reports, covering his activities in L.A., than question Linder's word.

Apr. 1917

Max is arrested in Los Angeles for speeding. On the day he is due to appear in court he is admitted to hospital and the case is being dropped.

Apr. 21st 1917

"Max Linder [...] is unable to proceed with his motion picture work for Essanay. He is suffering from stomach trouble, resulting from shrapnel wounds he received in France." (New York Clipper, Apr. 25th, 1917)

May 1917

Work at Essanay ends because of his illness.

May 12th 1917

Charles Chaplin gives him a picture in which he had inscribed: «To the one and only Max — "The Professor" — From his Disciple — Charlie Chaplin — May 12th 1917». In return Chaplin gets a picture of Max, on which he writes: «To Charlie Chaplin, «The best comedian in the world, «Max Linder.» According to the magazine Photoplay (July 1920): «even Charlie isn't quite sure about the inscription.», because, according to another journal PALCOS E TELAS (Jul.22,20), «It is not known if "the best comedian in the world" refers to Chaplin or Max.»

Aug. 6th 1917

Leaves Los Angeles and returns to Europe on board of the «Espana» on Aug. 11th.

 

 

 

Danish Poster for 'Max in a Taxi'

Danish poster for "Max in a Taxi"

Autograph from Charlie Chaplin

Chaplin picture with dedication [Source: Le Film, Oct. 1, 1917]

Article Max in sanitarium

(Photoplay, July 1917)

1917

Articles 1917:

Max Linder comes back (I) (Motion Picture Magazine, Feb/17)

Max Linder - The Film's First Comedian (Photoplay, Feb/17)

 

Artikel in Everybody magazine

(Everybody's Mag., Feb. 17)

Max Linder to make his bow (Boston Daily Globe, Feb/8/17)

"Max," war veteran, again in the movies (New York Times, Feb/19/17)

Mr. Max Linder is sure one brave Frenchman (Chicago Tribune, Feb/19/17)

Max Linder comes back (II) (Motion Picture Magazine, Mar/17)

 

Artikel in Film Fun 1917

(Film Fun, Mar. 17)

Linder at Los Angeles (Variety, Mar/16/17)

Linder in first American comedy creates new fun idea (Ogden Standard, Mar/17/17)

All is not Gold (Variety, Mar/23/17)

Linder goes to coast (Moving Picture World, Mar/24/17)

Max Linder very ill (Variety, May/4/17)

Max Linder Ill in Arizona (Motion Picture News, May/12/17)

Max Linder critically ill (Bioscope, May/24/17)

Linder versus Chaplin (Motion Picture Magazine, Jul/17)

Max Linder (Ogden Standard, Jul/28/17)

Gossip (Picture-Play, Aug/17)

Max Linder leaves for France (Moving Picture World, Aug/25/17)

Linder's importation costly. (Variety, Sep/21/17)

It Reminded Him of the Battle-fields (Motion Picture Magazine, Oct/17)

 

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1918

Articles 1918:

Linder Expected Here in April or May (Motion Picture News, Mar/23/18)

[One of the Kings of Laughter] (La Revista da semana, Sep/7/18)

  

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Ad. 'Gala Max Linder'

(Feuille d'avis de Lausanne, Jul. 6, 1918)

Apr. 1st 1918

The trade paper FILMA reports on the selling of the Ciné Max Linder to the “Omnia”-Company.

May 29th 1918

Charity gala for soldiers, suffering from tuberculosis, at the GRAND-THÉÂTRE in Lausanne (Switzerland). Max appears on stage in Le baromètre de la fidélité and in "The bill" (L'addition).

Jul. 6th 1918

A 'Gala Max Linder' is held in the park of the hotel BEAU RIVAGE in Lausanne (Switzerland). It's yet another charity event with a concert and outdoor screening of some of his films. «Max Linder appears in the flesh in his film "Max danse la Très Moutarde".» (Feuille d'avis de Lausanne, Jul. 6th, 1918). Also "the great artist appeared in two monologues, where he was hilariously funny." (Lausanne artistique, Jul. 13, 1918)

 

1918

 

 

1919

 

 

Film released in 1919: LE PETIT CAFE

Mar. 14th 1919

After having been renovated for one and a half year the re-opening of the new Ciné Max Linder takes place.

Mar. 21st 1919

In the sketch "The bill" (L'addition) he is again appearing on stage at the Ciné Max Linder. "Max Linder appears in the role of a hilarious drunkard." (Gazette de Lausanne, May 30th, 1918)

Nov. 11th 1919

Max leaves once more for America.

Nov. 15th 1919

«Trade show» at the Ciné Max Linder where his second feature length film LE PETIT CAFE is presented.

 

 

 

Newspaper ad. 'Le Petit Café'

(Ciné-Journal, Nov. 1, 1919)

1919

Articles 1919:

 

Article in Picture Show Magazine, 1919

(Picture Show, Jun. 21, 19)

[Profiles of artists] (La Publicidad, Sep/4/19)

Max Lindner Returns Here To Out-Chaplin Chaplin (El Paso Herald, Dec/13/19)

 

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1920

Articles 1920:

[Max Linder.] (Correspondencia de España, Feb/3/20)

Max Linder Finishes Work on New Comedy (Exhibitors Herald, Aug/7/20)

Max Learns English. (Picture Show, Oct/16/20)

 

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Poster 'Le Feu Sacre'

Poster for "Le feu sacré"

Non-fiction film 1920: Screen Snapshots №5

Feb. 6th 1920

Pathé releases a re-edition of Max toréador. A final scene was added, that turned the bullfighting in the second half into a dream: "...and wakes up in his bed, facing the cow still looking at him quietly." (L'Echo annamite, Oct. 27th, 1921)

Apr. 30th 1920

Pathé re-releases LE DUEL DE MAX. Now the mirror-routine, which, for copyright reasons, couldn't be shown in France in 1913, was to be reinserted into the film: "Max Linder used the very well known mirror trick of Hanlon-Lee" (Ciné pour tous, May 15th, 1920). A subsequently released summary of the film suggests, that perhaps it may not have been.

Jun. 15th 1920

Begins his work on the film SEVEN YEARS BAD LUCK.

Oct. 1st 1920

Pathé releases Le feu sacré, a re-release of the 1911-film Max et Jane veulent faire du théâtre with Jane Renouardt.

 

1920

 

 

1921

 

 

Films released in 1921: SEVEN YEARS BAD LUCK BE MY WIFE

———————————————

Non-fiction film 1921: Screen Snapshots №1

 

Jun. 7th 1921

BE MY WIFE is being shown privately at the Aeolian Hall in New York.

 

 

 

 

Poster 'Be My Wife'

Poster for "Be my wife"

1921

Articles 1921:

Comedy not risque (Los Angeles Times, Jan/23/21)

Don't Change Your Language (Picture-Play, May/21)

Max Linder arrives from coast ... (Moving Picture World, May/28)

Personal Appearance of Linder ... (Exhibitors Herald, Jun/18/21)

[The man who knows to eat Macaroni] (Cine-Mundial, Jul./21)

Max Linder busy (Los Angeles Times, Aug/9/21)

Max Linder is blinded by light rays (Oakland Tribune, Dec/25/21)

 

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1922

Articles 1922:

Linder's new comedy delights the stars (Los Angeles Times, Jun/2/22)

[Max Linder, the French comedian...] (Variety, Sep/1/22)

[Max Linder] (Para todos, Oct/7/22)

[Max Linder.] (De Sumatra Post, Oct/7/22)

 

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At premiere of 'Foolish Wives'

(Exhibitor's trade review, Mar. 11, 1922)

 

Poster 'Three Must-Get-Theres'

French poster for "The three must-get-theres"

Film released in 1922: THE THREE MUST-GET-THERES

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Non-fiction films 1922: Hollywood as it is Pathé Journal №30

Feb. 15th 1922

Accompanied by Charles Chaplin, Max Linder attends the West Coast premiere of Erich von Stroheim's 'Foolish Wives', at the MISSION THEATRE in Los Angeles.

Apr. 15th 1922

His secretary Norwood Smith (25) is sentenced to probation for having forged Linder's signature on two cheques.

May 1922  

At the end of the month Linder treats some friends to view a presentation of THE THREE MUST-GET-THERES in his villa. They are welcomed by him being dressed as an oriental potentate and with a lion by his side in a «tableau vivant».

Jul. 5th 1922

Max returns aboard the Paris to France (Nice). Shortly before Max joined the 'United Artist' (Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin & D. W. Griffith). The BIG FOUR thus became the BIG FIVE.

Dec. 1922

Shortly before Christmas, while on a trip on Rochers-de-Naye at Lake Geneva, Max falls and breaks an arm. He is recovering in a hospital in Ouchy.

 

1922

 

 

1923

 

 

 

Apr. 4th 1923

Max gets slightly injured by an accident on the "Promenade des Anglais" in Nice, where he is thrown out of his car. "Driving himself, he went at a brisk speed, when a fly entered his eye. He then made a sudden movement that made him lose direction. The car mounted the sidewalk, then straightened and Max Linder was thrown on the ground." (Impartial, Apr. 6th, 1923) A few weeks later newspapers write: "a hidden suicide attempt, some say" (Feuille d'avis de Neuchâtel, May 1st, 1923).

Apr. 29th 1923

After a ten day search Max is arrested for kidnapping. He and the 17 year old "Hélène" Peters had eloped to Nice. To prevent the scandal from spreading, her mother doesn’t insist on persecution.

Jun. 21st 1923 

Shooting begins for Au secours, a film directed by Abel Gance.

Jul. 1923

The journalist Oscar M. Sheridan describes in an interview for PICTURES AND PICTUREGOER Linder's strange reaction to a question about rumours over his upcoming marriage: "Max's uncomfortably penetrating eyes watched me. He gazed meditatively out of the window, turning his pistol over and over in his hands, his fingers softly caressing the butt, or playing with the trigger."

Aug. 2nd 1923

Max marries 18 year-old Marguerite "Hélène" Peters, «the girl, with whom he had - just as if it were a movie - fled to the Riviera some months ago.» (Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, Aug. 4th, 1923). The marriage took place in the strictest privacy at the church Saint Honoré dí Eylau. Noteworthy for (at least) one newspaper was that: «Many pictures were taken at the exit of the church. "Comœdia" has published a photograph where you see Max looking terribly serious, ...» (Unión ilustrada, Sep. 9th, 1923). After the death of the two in October 1925, Max's friends will claim, that he had been "blackmailed", by threats of suicide, into the marriage.

Nov. 30th 1923

Departs for Vienna for the shooting of CLOWN AUS LIEBE. The director René Hervil is being replaced by Edouard Emile Violet at the end of January 1924.

 

 

 

Picture of wedding

(Cinémagazine, Aug. 24, 1923)

Arrival in Vienna

Arrival in Vienna, Nov. 30, 1923 (Der Querschnitt, Jan. 1931)

1923

Articles 1923:

Max Linder falls 100 feet in alps ... (Camera, Jan/20/23)

Max Linder hunted for elopement (Los Angeles Times, Apr/27/23)

Max Linder is held for elopement (Los Angeles Times, Apr/30/23)

Charlie Chaplins Professor (Pictures and Picturegoer, Jul/23)

Film Star's Romance (Nambour Chronicle and North Coast Advertiser, Nov/16/23)

 

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1924

Articles 1924:

Linder was near death (New York Times, Feb/24/24)

Mystery Of the Almost Fatal Honeymoon (Philadelphia Inquirer, Apr/20/24)

 

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Poster 'Max, Der Zirkuskoenig'

English Poster for "Max, Der Zirkuskönig"

 

Max and his wife in a boat

Mr. and Mrs. Max Linder in a small boat in Ouchy, during their last stay in Lausanne. (L'illustré, Nov. 25, 1925)

Films released in 1924: Au secours! MAX, DER ZIRKUSKÖNIG
 

Feb. 23rd 1924

A suicide attempt by Linder and his wife is explained to the press as an accident.

Apr. 11th 1924

The production company Vita announces the end of shooting for CLOWN AUS LIEBE. Three weeks later the title is changed to MAX, DER ZIRKUSKÖNIG.

May 23rd 1924

Press preview of MAX, DER ZIRKUSKÖNIG. Already three days earlier, Max and his wife had left Vienna.

May 26th 1924

In Versaille Max is again involved in a car accident. Though no one is hurt, there is serious fender bender.

Jun. 12th 1924

At the Scala in London a rough cut of MAX, DER ZIRKUSKÖNIG, is being shown to an invited audience. The Variety reviewer, who attends the screening calls it "without doubt one of the best comedies ever screened." (June 25th, 1924)

Jun. 27th 1924

Birth of his daughter Maud-Lydie.

 

1924

 

 

 

1925

 

 

 

Feb. 13th 1925

Max takes part in a Radio broadcast of RADIO PARIS, 20 h 45 (8:45 p.m.), "Festival of the cinema", to celebrate thirty years of the invention of cinema, with the support of the main stars of the screen: address by Mr Léon Gaumont, president of the 'Chambre syndicale du Cinéma'; Pierre Desclaux presents: Max Linder, Jean Angelo, Suzanne Bianchetti, Jacques Catelain, Germaine Dulac, Geneviève Félix, Marcel L'Herbier, Abel Gance, Sandra Milowanof, Gina Relly, Charles de Rochefort and Philippe Heriat. The transmission lasts 75 min. The following day, in the presence of Louis Lumière, he takes also part at a banquet in the "pavillon des Champs-Ellysées". Max Linder, who has "a nice voice for a screen star!", at both occasions tells "stories about his twenty years in cinema" (Comœdia, Feb. 16th, 1925).

Mar. 8th 1925

Max takes part at the "gala de l'Union des Artistes" at the NOUVEAU-CIRQUE, "in the uniform, he wears in his latest picture." (Comœdia, Mar. 9th, 1925)

Jun. 16th 1925

His wife "Hélène" writes a will, «in which she says that her husband often threatened her with death and that she lives in constant fear of being killed. "If I die by his hand or even by accident, then I wish that my daughter Josette is immediately entrusted to my mother."» (Amersfoortsch Dagblad, Nov. 23rd, 1927)

Jul. 22nd 1925

Max takes over the presidency of the film authors society, "Société des auteurs de films".

Oct. 13th 1925

Max resigns from the presidency of the film authors society.

Oct. 18th 1925

Max deposits his last handwritten testament with his lawyer de Meaux. He writes: «I wish that my brother Maurice is the "guardian" of my daughter and she be raised by his mother, who is a holy woman.»

Oct. 31st 1925

Alarmed by a failed appointment with her daughter, Linder's mother-in-law is having the door broken to his suite at the hotel Baltimore in Paris at around 10 am. Max and his wife are being found unconscious. At 5:30 p.m. his wife dies.

Nov. 1st 1925

Death of Linder at 0:30 a.m. In a farewell letter to his parents Linder writes: «the wife I married, thinking her an angel, in reality is a monster.»

Nov. 5th 1925

While his wife is buried on a cemetery in Paris, accompanied only by her mother and two friends, the corps of Max Linder is brought to St. Loubès, his birthplace. Following his coffin are his father, his brothers Maurice and Gérard and Mrs. Crabit, his sister Marcelle. The film taken on this occasion, is entitled L'enterrement de Max Linder.

 

 

Newspaper picture of Louis Lumière

Louis Lumière reading his speech (Heraldo de Madrid, Feb. 25, 1925)

Article on suicide

(Daily Express, Nov. 2, 1925)

1925

Articles 1925:

The Funny Mr. Linder (Photoplay, Jan/25)

Max Linder dead (Times, Nov/2/25)

Max Linder and his wife... (Daily Express, Nov/2/25)

Max Linder's romance (Daily Express, Nov/3/25)

[To the memory of Max Linder] (ABC, Nov/13/25)

[How was Max Linder?] (Blanco y negro, Nov/22/25)

 

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Bibliography

Books:

Catalogue Pathé des années 1896 à 1914, Vol. 1-4, Henri Bousquet 1993-96

De Pathé Frères à Pathé Cinéma (1915-1922), Vol. 1+2, Henri Bousquet 1999

Catalogue des Films français de Fiction de 1908 à 1918, Raymond Chirat, 1995

Catalogue des films français de longs-métrages, Films de fiction 1919-1929, Raymond Chirat, 1984

Das Filmangebot in Deutschland, 1896-1911, Herbert Birett 1991

Das Filmangebot in Deutschland, 1912-1920, Herbert Birett (unpublished manuscript)

Histoire générale du cinéma III, Georges Sadoul, 1951

Filmographie Universelle - Histoire du cinéma, Jean Mitry, 1969

Pathé Premier Empire du Cinéma, Jacques Kermabon, 1994

Catalog of Copyright Entries, Motion Pictures 1912-1939, Library of Congress, Washington, 1951

AFI Catalog Feature Films, 1921-1930, The American Film Institute, 1971

The Ciné goes to town, Richard Abel, 1994

Chronique du cinéma, Jacques Legrand, 1992

Max Linder, Charles Ford, 1966

Max Linder Ein früher Star, Thomas Kuchenbuch, Maske und Kothurn - Heft 1-2, 2008

etc.

 

Articles:

Max Linder Was The Motion Picture's First Truly International Star, Jack Spears, Films in Review Vol.XVI №5, 1965, 272ff

More on Linder, Jack Spears, Films in Review, June/July 1965, 391

Max Linder et le théâtre, René Jeanne, Revue d'histoire du théâtre, Avril-Juin 1965, 164ff

Le dossier du mois, Cinéma 64, Jan. 1964, 36ff-, Le comique à l'ecran

Russia 1913 Cinema, The Duel of Top Hats-, Yuri Tsivian, -Griffithiana № 50, 1994, 129ff

Max Linder à Varsovie (1914), Irek Dembowski, 1895 №7, 1990, 91ff

Ripple Effect: the Theatrical Life of Max Linder, Frank Bren, New Theatre Quaterly Vol. 25 No3, Aug. 2009, p241ff (http://www.scribd.com/doc/46118434/Bren-Linder)

«Служитель смеха» Макс Линдер [/«Servant of laughter» Max Linder], Eva Krasnov, Anatoly Drozdovskii, (http://odessica.net/articles/max_linder)

etc.

[►Var. Articles 1908 to 1925]

 

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